As stated by The Fabricator in their article “Die Basics 101: Intro to stamping,” aims to provide valuable insights to beginner toolmakers, die maintenance technicians, engineers, and press technicians about the world of stamping. This series of articles will delve into the fundamentals, defining what a stamping die is, the intricacies of cutting and forming operations, the components involved, and various stamping methods.
A stamping die is a unique and precise tool designed to cut and shape sheet metal into specific profiles. Typically crafted from specialized hardenable steel, known as tool steel, these dies can also feature sections made from wear-resistant materials like carbide. It’s important to note that stamping is a cold-forming process, meaning no intentional heat is applied to the material or die. However, heat may be generated due to friction during the process, causing stamped parts to exit the dies at high temperatures.
Stamping dies come in a wide range of sizes, from small ones used in microelectronics to massive ones measuring 20 ft. square and 10 ft. thick, designed for manufacturing entire automobile body sides. The outcome of a stamping operation is known as a piece part, and certain dies can produce multiple piece parts per cycle, with cycle speeds reaching up to 1,500 strokes per minute, powered by the force from a press.
Regarding die types, there are various categories, but they all primarily perform cutting, forming, or a combination of both operations. Line dies are loaded manually or robotically, while progressive and transfer dies are fully automated.
To dive deeper into the world of stamping and gain a comprehensive understanding, read the full article here: [Link to Source Article]
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Photo and article with all rights reserved, courtesy of thefabricator.com.